Mushroom Truffles

where to buy mushroom truffles

where to buy mushroom truffles,When and why did “truffles” appear?

All this comes from the fact that truffles were an ingenious move by Dutch SmartShops when fresh mushrooms were outlawed in 2008, branding them as a psilocybin preparation, as was already the case with dried mushrooms (the sale was made illegal in 2001). As a consequence of this law, and seeing all the amendments they presented revoked, SmartShops were quick to react and put the famous truffles or sclerotia on sale, since they were an uncontrolled fungal species.

If we talked to a mycologist, they would tell us that what is usually known as a magic truffle really isn’t. Technically they are sclerotia. Therefore, and logically, we must first know how to differentiate between a “magic truffle” and a real truffle, the kind that is usually used in cooking.

What are magic truffles?

Let’s start with the Sclerotia, wrongly called magic truffles (because of “truffles”, they do are magical). These are a compact mass of hardened mycelium, where food reserves are contained. It is a method of survival of the mycelium itself since its function is to survive under extreme environmental conditions, remaining dormant until favorable conditions appear.

On the other side, we have the truffle. It is the fruiting body of some fungi (the method of reproduction, just as mushrooms would be) that develops underground. It consists of two parts: The peridium, the shell of the truffle (rough, with small warts); and the gleba, the interior mass filled with fine creamy white veins (where the spores are housed). Since time immemorial, magical and aphrodisiac powers have been attributed to it, being one of the most sought-after products in the world by humans, pigs, and dogs.

Differences between mushrooms and truffles

Once we understand what we mean when we talk about “magic truffles” we can now return to the main topic of the post: The difference between mushrooms and magic truffles. There are many differences that can be found since, as we have seen, one is about a fruiting body and the other a technique for preserving the mycelium itself. But this blog is not about advanced mycology, it is intended for home-growers and intrigued consumers. Thus, in our case, the most notable differences could be separated into three large groups:

  1. Morphological differences: Differences in the structure of the organism and its characteristics.
    The differences in cultivation: This point, like all the others, is focused on the home grower.
  2. An attempt is made to explain what differences we will find between them, both in growth method and in harvesting.
  3. The differences in the effect: Finally, the differences when ingesting mushrooms or truffles. Among them is the amount of psilocybin, duration of the trip, or method of consumption.

Morphological differences between magic mushrooms and magic truffles

We have previously defined the morphology of the magic truffle or sclerotium, which is a mass of mycelium. Instead, the mushroom is a more developed organism. Its essential parts that any amateur mycologist should know are the following: the cap, which is the upper part of the mushroom, remains closed and is where the spores are stored until they open, when they spread around. ‘Shrooms also have a stem, and the end where it connects the mushroom to the mycelium is called the volva.

It must also be said that they vary a lot depending on the species or genera being analyzed. The hat can go from 3 mm to 30 cm, with the foot varying in a similar way. For example, Psilocybe Cubensis such as the Psilocybe Penis Envy or the Psilocybe Alcabenzi, usually have a hat of about 5-10 cm, while the Copelandia never exceeds 3 cm in diameter.

About this second variety, the Copelandia (or Panaeolus Cyanescens), there is much less information, so we have seen fit to dedicate a post to it. Once explained the morphological differences, we only have to explain the differences in cultivation and consumption.

Conclusions

After carrying out the pertinent search for this article and discovering the benefits and harms of one for the other, at Alchimia we came to the conclusion that truffles are only good for what they were popularized for. To be used as a substitute for the endogenous mushroom when it cannot be obtained, as it is much more controlled and persecuted than the first.

The first reason why we cling to this thought is because of its difficulty in cultivation, not so much in practice but more in technique. That is to say, it is not much more difficult to grow truffles than mushrooms, but the long wait compared to that of the Psilocybes is very pronounced, going from the 3 months that the truffle will take compared to the 3 weeks of the endogenous mushroom.

Another reason is consumption. It is true that the truffle has some property that makes it more optimal for fresh consumption, but once dried, the mushrooms contain much more psilocybin per gram by losing up to 90% of their weight, so you should eat less.

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